Article review is basically the assessment of an article. The main focus is on the strengths and weaknesses of an article. The reviewer describe, analyze and interpret the article that help the readers in assessing the quality of the article. The reviewer try to justify whether the article is fulfilling its function or not by analyzing it on the following grounds;
· Critical analysis
· Comparative analysis
The reviewer keeps in mind the following functions of the article;
· Information provided is based on facts or mere opinions
· Main argument
· Techniques and methodology
· Writing style and language
· Effectiveness of the article
A book review is an analysis of the text. The reviewer expresses his opinion on the basis of supporting arguments from the book. A book review consists of four parts; including;
· Authorship of the book
· Reviewers opinion of the books
· Brief summary of the book
· Awards or distinction of the book
The writer focuses on the following main points while analyzing a book:
· Intended audience
· Genre of the book
· Approach of the author
· Writing style
· Concepts and ideas are justified or not
· Comparison with author’s another works
· Comparison with another authors of the same genre
Difference between Article and Book Review
Reviewing a book or an article is basically a critical analysis. The basic strategy adopted by reviewer is the same. The both observe the intended the audience, language, writing style, genre and its function etc. However there are some distinguished characteristics of both article and book that differentiate article review from book review. Some of these characteristics are described below:
In research article only one particular genre is used while the genre for books vary. The article is scientific in nature. It is written for scientific purposes. While books are not always scientific in nature. It might be written for amusement of the readers. The nature of article review differ from that of book review articles. For example a review of poetry book will differ from that of a research article. The reviewer will appreciate the aesthetic sense of the poet rather than evaluating his grammatical mistakes.
An article review targets a particular audience however a book review does not a particular audience. The audience also vary accordingly. The research articles are read by students, professors, scholars, doctors and researchers etc. while the readers of books vary accordingly to their nature. Same is the case with the review of the book.
3. Objectivity of the Author:
As the nature of an article is scientific. It is obvious that the review must be objective by nature. In the case of a book review it is quite possible that the review is the subjective opinion of the reviewer.
4. Length of the Review
The book review is usually five to six pages while the review of an article is maximum one page. The review of book includes long quotations and descriptions. The reviewer has to add examples to explain his opinion.